Tuesday 17th January, 5.15pm, Maritime History and Culture Seminar, Wolfson Room, Institute of Historical Research, Senate House, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HU.

When we think of Africans aboard Tudor and Stuart ships, we might think first of those enslaved by John Hawkins and his successors. However, while researching Africans in Britain, 1500-1640, Dr. Miranda Kaufmann has uncovered records that paint a different picture. Voyage accounts, High Court of Admiralty and other legal records, Privy Council documents and the letters of merchants, voyage investors and  the East India Company reveal examples of African sailors, divers, translators, factors and circumnavigators aboard Tudor and early Stuart ships. In this paper, Dr. Kaufmann will tell some of their stories, and explore the questions they provoke, concerning how these individuals came to be aboard English ships in the first place, what their status was, and what became of them

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